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Mewlānā Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Balkhī
مولانا جلال‌الدین محمد بلخی

Jalal ad-Dīn Muhammad Rumi
Title Mawlānā[1] (Classical Persian), Mowlānā (Modern Persian), and Mevlâna (Modern Turkish)
Born 1207 C.E.
Wakhsh (present-day Tajikistan)[2][3]
Died 17 December 1273 C.E.
Konya (present-day Turkey)
Resting place Konya (present-day Turkey)
37°52′14.33″N 32°30′16.74″E / 37.8706472°N 32.5046500°E / 37.8706472; 32.5046500Coordinates: 37°52′14.33″N 32°30′16.74″E / 37.8706472°N 32.5046500°E / 37.8706472; 32.5046500
Ethnicity Persian
Era Medieval
Region Khwarazmian Empire (Balkh: –1212 and 1213–17; Samarkand: 1212–13)[4][5]
Seljuk Sultanate of Rum (Malatya: 1217–19; Akşehir: 1219–22; Larende: 1222–28; Konya: 1228 until his death in 1273 AD.)[4]
Creed Hanafi, Sufism; his followers formed the Mevlevi Order
Main interest(s) Sufi poetry, Sufi whirling, Muraqaba, Dhikr
Notable idea(s) Persian poetry, Ney and Sufi dance
Notable work(s) Masnavi, Diwan-e Shams-e Tabrizi, Fihi Ma Fihi

Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Balkhī (Persian: جلال‌الدین محمد بلخى‎), also known as Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī (جلال‌الدین محمد رومی), and more popularly in the English-speaking world simply as Rumi (30 September 1207 – 17 December 1273), was a 13th-century Persian[1][6] poet, jurist, theologian, and Sufi mystic.[7] Iranians, Turks, Afghans, Tajiks, and other Central Asian Muslims as well as the Muslims of South Asia have greatly appreciated his spiritual legacy in the past seven centuries.[8] Rumi's importance is considered to transcend national and ethnic borders. His poems have been widely translated into many of the world's languages and transposed into various formats. In 2007, he was described as the "most popular poet in America."[9]

Rumi's works are written in Persian and his Mathnawi remains one of the purest literary glories of Persia,[10] and one of the crowning glories of the Persian language.[11] His original works are widely read today in their original language across the Persian-speaking world (Iran, Tajikistan, Afghanistan and parts of Persian speaking Central Asia).[12] Translations of his works are very popular in other countries. His poetry has influenced Persian literature as well as Urdu, Punjabi, Turkish and some other Iranian, Turkic and Indic languages written in Perso-Arabic script e.g. Pashto, Ottoman Turkish, Chagatai and Sindhi.