Hong Kong Disneyland

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Hong Kong Disneyland
Disney theme park
Hong Kong Disneyland Logo.png
Mickey and Minnie in summer outfits at Main Street, U.S.A.
Resort Hong Kong Disneyland Resort
Penny's Bay, Lantau Island, Hong Kong
Opened 12 September 2005
Theme Magic Kingdom
Operator Hong Kong International Theme Parks
Website Hong Kong Disneyland Homepage
Hong Kong Disneyland
Traditional Chinese 香港迪士尼樂園
Simplified Chinese 香港迪士尼乐园
Hong Kong Disneyland Resort

Hong Kong Disneyland
Inspiration Lake

Resort hotels

Hong Kong Disneyland Hotel
Disney's Hollywood Hotel

Hong Kong International Theme Parks
The fountain featuring Mickey Mouse in the Park Promenade next to Hong Kong Disneyland
Disneyland Resort Line of the Hong Kong MTR carrying passengers to Hong Kong Disneyland

Hong Kong Disneyland (Chinese: 香港迪士尼樂園) is the first theme park inside the Hong Kong Disneyland Resort and is owned and managed by the Hong Kong International Theme Parks.

Hong Kong Disneyland, the fifth Magic Kingdom-style theme park, is located on reclaimed land in Penny's Bay, Lantau Island. After years of negotiations and construction, the park opened to visitors on 12 September 2005. Disney attempted to avoid problems of cultural backlash by attempting to incorporate Chinese culture, customs, and traditions when designing and building the resort, including adherence to the rules of Feng Shui. For instance, a bend was put in a walkway near the Hong Kong Disneyland Resort entrance so good "chi" energy wouldn't flow into the South China Sea.[1]

The park consists of four themed lands similar to other Disneyland parks: Main Street, U.S.A., Fantasyland, Adventureland and Tomorrowland. The theme park's cast members use English and Chinese, including Cantonese and Mandarin dialects, to communicate verbally. Guide maps are printed in traditional and simplified Chinese as well as English, French, and Japanese.

The capacity of the park is 34,000 visitors per day,[2] and is the smallest Disneyland park. It has so far fallen short of meeting its targeted visitorship figures. The park attracted 5.2 million visitors in its first year, below its target of 5.6 million. Visitor numbers fell 20% in the second year to 4 million, which was below company targets,[3] inciting criticisms from local legislators.[4] However, the park attendance slightly increased by 8% in the third year, attracting a total of 4.5 million visitors in 2007-2008 fiscal year. In 2008-2009 fiscal year, the park attendance increased by 2%, attracting 4.8 million visitors. Since the opening of Hong Kong Disneyland in 2005, the theme park has attracted 20 million guests.

The park's small size is often cited to explain its under-performance.[citation needed] Currently 22.4 hectares (55 acres) in size, it will be expanded to 27.4 hectares (68 acres)[5] when three new themed areas are completed. The announced areas, namely Grizzly Trail, Mystic Point and Toy Story Land, are all located outside the Disneyland Railroad track, south to the current Adventureland. After the completion of the expansion, the park is expected to handle 7.92 million to 8.92 million visitors in 2014. Eventually, the park capacity will increase to handle up to 10 million visitors annually over a 15 year expansion period.[6]

Hong Kong Disneyland will be celebrating its 5th anniversary from 12 September 2010. The year-long Celebration in the Air will start in January 2011. On 10 June 2010, Andrew Kam, the Managing Director of Hong Kong Disneyland, hints that "Soar" and "Change" will be the theming for the park's 5th anniversary celebration. He also mentions that a temporary attraction or structure will be built as part of the celebration.[7]. In June 2010, Steve Davison, the creator of Disney's World of Color in Disney California Adventure, mentions in an interview that he is currently working on a parade for the 5th anniversary.[8]



[edit] Dedication

To all who come to this happy place, welcome. Many years ago, Walt Disney introduced the world to enchanted realms of fantasy and adventure, yesterday and tomorrow, in a magical place called Disneyland. Today that spirit of imagination and discovery comes to life in Hong Kong.

Hong Kong Disneyland is dedicated to the young and the young at heart - with the hope that it will be a source of joy and inspiration, and an enduring symbol of the cooperation, friendship and understanding between the people of Hong Kong and the United States of America.

Michael D Eisner and Donald Tsang, 12 September 2005

[edit] Construction

An audience of more than 400 guests celebrated the ground breaking of Hong Kong Disneyland on 12 January 2003. Those present included Tung Chee Hwa, then Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China; Michael D. Eisner, Chairman and CEO of The Walt Disney Company; and Robert A. Iger, President of The Walt Disney Company.[9] On 23 September 2004, a special "castle topping ceremony" was held in the park to commemorate the placing of the tallest turret on Sleeping Beauty Castle.

Among those present were Tung Chee Hwa, then Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; Jay Rasulo, president of Walt Disney Parks and Resorts; Michael Eisner, then CEO of The Walt Disney Company; and Bob Iger, president of The Walt Disney Company, in addition to Mickey Mouse and other costumed characters. Hong Kong Disneyland had the shortest construction period among all of the Disneyland-style theme parks. The park adds new attractions continuously. See Future construction for more details

[edit] Themed areas

The park consists of four classic themed lands, which are Main Street, U.S.A., Adventureland, Fantasyland and Tomorrowland. In 2014, Hong Kong Disneyland will include a total of seven themed lands with the addition of Grizzly Trail, Mystic Point and Toy Story Land, which were announced for the expansion of Hong Kong Disneyland. The first new themed land is expected to open in late 2011.

[edit] Main Street, U.S.A.

Hong Kong Disneyland's Main Street, U.S.A. has a living day Disney on Parade and an exciting firework Disney in the Stars at night.

[edit] Adventureland

Hong Kong Disneyland's Adventureland is the biggest among all Disney parks and features a large island area home to Tarzan's Treehouse, which is circled by the Jungle Cruise, much like the Rivers of America in most Magic Kingdom–style parks' Frontierland area. It is also home to the "Festival of the Lion King" show.

[edit] Fantasyland

Hong Kong Disneyland features Sleeping Beauty Castle, as well as the Fantasy Gardens where costumed Disney characters can be met.

[edit] Tomorrowland

The newest Tomorrowland opened on 12 September 2005, at Hong Kong Disneyland. Like the newer generations of the American Tomorrowlands, Hong Kong's version features an emphasis on metallic trim, with lots of blue and purple hues. Since the opening of the park, some unique attractions have been added into the Hong Kong's Tomorrowland, such as a newer version of Autopia, UFO Zone and Stitch Encounter.

[edit] Grizzly Gulch

Hong Kong Disneyland does not have a Frontierland or Critter Country, although there will be a similar land that is planned in construction called "Grizzly Gulch" that will open up not before 2012. The path along the themed land offers high-spirited frontier fun in an abandoned mining town called Grizzly Gulch, set amidst mountains and woods. The town was founded 8 August 1888 – the luckiest day of the luckiest month of the luckiest year – by prospectors looking to discover gold. Bears have now started causing havoc at the Big Grizzly Mountain Mining Company.

[edit] Mystic Point

Mystic Point is the site of mysterious forces and supernatural events in the heart of a dense, uncharted rain forest. In Mystic Manor, home to an eccentric world traveler and adventurer and his collection of exotic international artifacts, strange things are afoot as an enchanted music box releases its magical powers, thanks to a mischievous monkey.

[edit] Toy Story Land

Hong Kong Disneyland will feature an almost identical land to one being built at Walt Disney Studios Paris, named simply Toy Story Land. The land will be themed identically; using bamboo to act as giant blades of grass surrounding the area, the use of many themed props and characters from the Toy Story movies such as a giant Woody, a giant Rex, an oversized paper plane and also a large ball from the first Pixar short, Luxo Jr. The land is being built to the back of Adventureland, on the right hand side of Hong Kong Disneyland, behind Fantasyland. Its area will open in September 2011, after the release of Toy Story 3. It has been rumoured that the widely popular Toy Story Midway Mania attraction, currently found in Disney's Hollywood Studios at the Walt Disney World Resort and Disney's California Adventure Park at the Disneyland Resort may also be built here. It has also been rumoured that the widely popular Toy Story: The Musical show, currently found on ships of the Disney Cruise Line may be built here too.

[edit] Entertainment and celebrations

The park features both a daytime parade "Disney on Parade" and "Disney in the Stars", a fireworks show, in the evening. Seasonal entertainment, such as Disney's Haunted Halloween, A Sparkling Christmas and Disney's Chinese New Year, are held in the park to celebrate main festivals.

[edit] Entertainment

Fireworks over Sleeping Beauty Castle
Toy Story float in Disney on parade
Disney on Parade
The parade's public debut was during the park's grand opening on 12 September 2005. It takes a few floats and themes from Tokyo Disneyland's former daytime parade named Disney on Parade: 100 Years of Magic. It ran until early 2003, when it was replaced by Disney's Dreams on Parade. The parade begins in Fantasyland, near the entrance of Storybook Theatre, and ends on Main Street, U.S.A., near the Disneyland City Hall. A day-time parade which features 9 floats which include Mickey and Friends, Chip 'n' Dale, Disney Princesses, Alice, Toy Story. On rainy days, the parade consists of a specially designed train with characters wearing brightly colored raincoats. It will be replaced by Flights of Fantasy Parade on 21 January 2011. In June 2010, Steve Davison, the creator of Disney's World of Color in Disney California Adventure, mentions that a new parade is planned for the park's 5th anniversary.[8] There are seasonal parades, such as for the Haunted Halloween and Christmas.
High School Musical: LIVE!
A uniquely created mobile stage-show inspired by the movie High School Musical and its sequel High School Musical 2. It features a troop of singers and dancers mostly from the Philippines and Hong Kong on a mobile stage which will stop at Castle Forecourt for performance with hit songs from the movie, including "What Time Is It?" and "Get'cha Head in the Game". This is a new attraction launched on 7 March 2008..
Disney in the Stars
Nightly fireworks based on a similar format used in the Fantasy in the Sky fireworks at other Disney theme parks, fireworks and pyrotechnics are co-ordinated to orchestrated classic Disney music such as "A Whole New World". The show débuted on 12 September 2005, at the park's night-time inaugural ceremonies. Between mid-September and end of October, Disney in the Stars morphs into the Halloween pyrotechnics display, renamed each year. In 2010, it was called 'Disney's Nightmare in the sky'.
Muppet Mobile Lab
a free-roving, audio-animatronic entertainment implemented on a Segway platform, an interactive comedy show performed by two Muppet characters, Dr. Bunsen Honeydew and his assistant, Beaker. The characters ride their two-wheeled rocket-ship/laboratory vehicle.

[edit] Seasonal entertainment

Mickey's WaterWorks
A summer, water-themed parade that consists of seven new floats, 100 performers and 30 Disney characters. This parade was originally created for Mickey's Summer Blast celebration, Mickey's WaterWorks made its debut on 7 July 2007, and now runs annually in the summer months.

[edit] The Grand Opening Celebration Album

Hong Kong Disneyland: The Grand Opening Celebration Album was the soundtrack for the grand opening of Hong Kong Disneyland at Hong Kong Disneyland Resort. Much of the album is made up of cover versions of animated Disney films, and the package contained a DVD featuring music videos for some of the songs. The album does not contain any music used in the park. Out of print.

[edit] Track listing

  1. Jacky Cheung - Let the Wonder Soar (Cantonese)
  2. Twins - It's A Small World
  3. Eason Chan - A Whole New World (from Aladdin)
  4. Karen Mok - When You Wish upon a Star (from Pinocchio)
  5. Twins - Mickey Mouse Theme
  6. Jolin Tsai - Under the Sea (from The Little Mermaid)
  7. Kellyjackie - On a Date With Him to Disneyland
  8. Nicholas Tse - Bare Necessities (from The Jungle Book)
  9. CoCo Lee - Colors of the Wind (from Pocahontas)
  10. Joey Yung - Undying True Love (from Beauty and the Beast)
  11. Kelly Chen - Reflection (from Mulan)
  12. Harlem Yu - Can You Feel the Love Tonight (from The Lion King)
  13. Jacky Cheung - Let the Wonder Soar (Mandarin)

[edit] Future construction

[edit] Finished construction

Land planned for future expansion viewed from the Tarzan's Treehouse in Adventureland

The Phase 1 Extension began with three new attractions for Tomorrowland that opened in the summer of 2006. In 2008, the Art of Animation, which is located in the Opera House, and the classical attraction "it's a small world" was added. The outer edge of Adventureland was under construction from early May to September 2008, adjacent to Festival of The Lion King and the rafts dock. Digging was under way beneath the berm, to permit expansion beyond the railroad track perimeter. A temporary structure for Demon Jungle, an exclusive attraction for the 2008 Halloween season was built in the area beyond the railroad. Also, the walkway will link to new themed lands in the future.

[edit] Recent construction

The Walt Disney Company has been negotiating with the Commerce and Economic Development Bureau of the Government of Hong Kong on funding the upcoming Phase 1 Extension. The park plans to introduce three new theme lands, which will increase the total land area of the park by about 12 hectares. A number of new thrilling rides had been chosen and will be built in order to satisfy the market of young-adults and teenagers. It is reported that the preparation for groundbreaking has been finished and the park is ready to start the construction once it has granted permission from the government.

In order to celebrate the 5th Anniversary of Hong Kong Disneyland, the park is aiming to start the construction in 2009 so that the first part of the extension will be able to open in 2011, while the second part of the project is expected to be finished in 2013, one year prior to the opening of the Shanghai Resort. On 30 June 2009, Donald Tsang, the Chief Executive of Hong Kong, announced that the expansion of Hong Kong Disneyland had been approved by the Executive Council. The park will receive three new themed lands, they are Grizzly Trail, Mystic Point and Toy Story Land.

The park will feature a total of seven themed areas after the completion of all the new attraction. Later in July 2009, the Legislative Council approved the expansion of Hong Kong Disneyland. The Ground-Breaking took place on 13 December 2009 for the construction of the three new lands.[10]

[edit] Planned construction

Currently, a new shopping district (see Downtown Disney) and the third hotel are taken into discussions. For long-term construction, with the reclaimed land reserved for the Phase 2 Extension and the Disneyland park being blocked by the Park Promenade (a pedestrian walkway which links the MTR Disneyland Resort Station, Disneyland park and Hong Kong Disneyland Hotel), it is expected that the resort's second Disney theme park will be built on that site. A Phase 3 Extension is also being considered by the Walt Disney Company and the Hong Kong Government.

[edit] Criticisms

[edit] Overcrowding problems

Just before the grand opening, the park was criticised for overestimating the daily capacity limit.[11] The problem became apparent on the charity preview day on 4 September 2005, when 30,000 locals visited the park. This event turned out to be a disaster, as there were too many guests. Wait times at fast food outlets were at least 45 minutes in length, and wait times at rides were two hours in length.

Although the community, and the park's biggest shareholder, the Hong Kong Government, put pressure on the park to lower the capacity, the park insisted on keeping the limit and only agreed to relieve the capacity problem by extending opening time by one hour or introducing more discounts during weekdays. However, the park said local visitors tend to stay in the park for about nine hours per visit, implying that the mentioned practices would do little to solve the problem[citation needed].

During Chinese New Year 2006, many visitors arrived at the park in the morning bearing valid tickets, but were refused entry, because the park was already at capacity. Disgruntled visitors attempted to force their way into the park or gain access by climbing over the barrier gates.[12] Disneyland management was forced to revise their ticketing policy and designated future periods close to Chinese public holidays as 'special days' during which admission would only be allowed through a date-specific ticket.

[edit] Food safety panel

Officers from the Food and Environmental Hygiene department, who were asked by Disney staff to take off their badges and caps in order to enter the park, left park visitors feeling very uneasy. The officers investigated a food-poisoning case in the park's restaurants.[13] The chairman of Legco's food Safety panel, Fred Li, described the incident as shocking, and called on the director of the department to take follow-up action against Disney. Hong Kong Disneyland says what happened was inappropriate and has apologised for the incident. The Secretary for Justice has since said that the government did not have enough evidence to make a prosecution, thus dropping the case.

[edit] Fingerprinting

As at other Disney theme parks, visitors to Hong Kong Disneyland have their finger biometrics scanned at the entry gate.[citation needed] Visitors are not warned of the policy beforehand. Scanning is done of all visitors older than 10 years of age, and is used to associate ticket media with the person using it. The company claims that "the 50 sample points from the surface of a guest's finger ... do not contain sufficient information to recreate a fingerprint image." Nonetheless, forensic specialists note that the data collected are more than adequate to establish a positive identification.[14]

[edit] Public relations

Disney initially refused to release the attendance figures after media reports surfaced saying the park's attendance numbers might be lower than expected. Disney finally relented, and declared[15] on 24 November 2005, that Disney had officially welcomed over 1 million guests during its first two months of operation.

In response to negative publicity locally and to boost visitor numbers, Hong Kong Disneyland offered $50 discounts for admission to the park to holders of Hong Kong I.D. cards in the period before Christmas in 2005. In the period from March to June 2006, the park offered holders of Hong Kong I.D. cards the opportunity to buy a two-day admission for the price of a single day.

[edit] Park ambassador

High glory ambassador

[edit] References

  1. ^ "Hong Kong Disneyland Feng Shui Secrets and Facts - The Disneyland Report - Disney News and Disney Secrets". The Disneyland Report. http://www.disneylandreport.com/disneysecrets/hong_kong_disneyland_secrets/hong_kong_disneyland_feng_shui_secrets_facts.html. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  2. ^ Chan, Carrie (20 December 2007). "Disney ups intake for new year". The Standard. Hong Kong. http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?pp_cat=11&art_id=34507&sid=11427047&con_type=1&d_str=20061220&sear_year=2006. Retrieved 19 March 2007. 
  3. ^ "Hong Kong Disneyland Fails to Hit Target". http://www.fool.com/news/associated-press/2007/12/18/hong-kong-disneyland-fails-to-hit-target.aspx. 
  4. ^ "Hong Kong legislators criticise Disneyland results - International Herald Tribune". http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2007/12/21/business/AS-FIN-Hong-Kong-Disneyland.php. 
  5. ^ "Hong Kong grows its Disneyland". China Daily. 28 September 2009. http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/bizchina/2009-09/28/content_8744536.htm. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  6. ^ "Background information on Hong Kong Disneyland". http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/199911/02/1102137.htm. 
  7. ^ "Hong Kong News Headlines". South China Morning Post. Hong Kong. http://www.scmp.com/portal/site/SCMP/menuitem.2af62ecb329d3d7733492d9253a0a0a0/?vgnextoid=b30c50d129d19210VgnVCM100000360a0a0aRCRD&ss=Hong+Kong&s=News. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  8. ^ a b 07:41 Am. "Special World of Color Coverage, Blue Sky, Harry Potter and More". MiceChat. http://micechat.com/forums/blogs/in-the-parks/1525-special-world-color-coverage-blue-sky-harry-potter-more.html. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  9. ^ "Discover More". Hong Kong Disneyland. http://www.hongkongdisneyland.com/eng/discover/2003index.html. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  10. ^ "Groundbreaking Ceremony Celebrates Hong Kong Disneyland Expansion". News-en.hongkongdisneyland.com. 13 December 2009. http://news-en.hongkongdisneyland.com/PressReleases/PressReleaseDetail.aspx?AssetId=035f469b-1ca8-4146-ac2e-85aa1a6ff2de. Retrieved 3 October 2010. 
  11. ^ "It's a small park: Hong Kong Disneyland faces overcrowding". International Herald Tribune. 2005. http://www.iht.com/articles/2005/09/07/business/disney.php?page=1. Retrieved 31 December 2008. 
  12. ^ Fan, Maureen (22 November 2006). "Disney Culture Shock". The Standard. Hong Kong. http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?pp_cat=20&art_id=32372&sid=10991562&con_type=1&d_str=20061122&sear_year=2006. Retrieved 19 March 2007. 
  13. ^ Leung, Wendy (10 November 2005). "Wong under fire as Disney escapes action in FEHD case". The Standard. Hong Kong. http://www.thestandard.com.hk/news_detail.asp?pp_cat=11&art_id=25410&sid=5401592&con_type=1&d_str=20051110&sear_year=2005. Retrieved 19 March 2007. 
  14. ^ Doctorow, Cory (1 September 2006). "Walt Disney World fingerprints visitors". BoingBoing.com. http://www.boingboing.net/2006/09/01/walt-disney-world-fi.html. Retrieved 27 August 2009. 
  15. ^ [1][dead link]

[edit] External links

[edit] Official websites

[edit] Fan websites

Coordinates: 22°18′48″N 114°02′36″E / 22.31333°N 114.04333°E / 22.31333; 114.04333

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